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怎么理解害人之心不可有 防人之心不可无 这句话

与人相处 为什么要考虑那么多事呢

2015.11.29

生活总是有很多烦心事 很多不顺心的事情

没法改变 就去顺应它吧 生活总会变得很美好的

乐观一点 

不要太心急 

加油

【 Bud Clark Commons-2013ASLA住宅设计荣誉奖】USA

 

关键词:景观 住宅庭院景观设计 可持续可回收 锈蚀钢板 耐旱本地植物 芳香植物 水声 美国 Mayer/Reed, Portland, OR  gooood


“This is an SRO that is humane and treats people with dignity. The space is open and inviting and there is a nice use of material. The gate

ornamentation signifies the decision of the residents not to be homeless. The space is laid out like a home and is very well-resolved.”

—2013 Professional Awards Jury


“人道且予人以尊严的项目。空间开放平易近人,材料使用精彩。大门欢迎乐意改变的无家可归之人。景观空间设计得就像家一样,具备辨识性”

--2013年专业奖评审委员会

 

Bud Clark是一个向城市无家可归的人提供服务的综合体项目,这个项目被这条街上的人看成是一个充满希望,尊重,积极变革的场所。仅开放后的半年,就有超过300人在这里长期或者永久居住。景观建筑师期望这个项目能激发其他城市展开类似针对无家可归人口的计划和服务。


俄勒冈州波特兰市每晚都有超过2000人露宿街头。这些长期失业和贫困的人们被家庭暴力,身心疾病,酗酒吸毒等不同的问题滋扰。或许我们难以想象自己这般情景,但是设计师跟同政府机关沟通了解到更多的情况,同时去结识无家可归的人,并与他们面对面交谈,听他们充满情感,曲折,迁移有时候也怀有希望的故事。为设计做充足的铺垫。经过超过一年的沟通和准备,这个项目开始启动。


首先为无家可归的人们修建了一栋8层高,面积106,000英尺的建筑,为他们提供130个单元的公寓,同时为身体极不健康和精神不稳定的男性流浪汉提供了90张临时看护床位。最后,在这里安排了日常的资源(淋浴,电话)和培训务(针对酗酒的辅导,专业技能的培训)。

在这个综合功能的项目中,有一个联系入口和建筑的公共庭院。这个庭院旨在服务各种各样的人群,与周围的老城/中国城相协调,并与周围的轻轨站,公交站等交通站点保持良好的可达性关系。


很多无家可归的人难以向别人求助,因此设计师希望设计一个具有象征意义,能够吸引这些人到达的入口。这个入口要让他们感受到欢迎,安全,尊严,信任,平静。为此,设计师设计出了一个类似住宅平面的庭院序列,入口有“门厅”“衣柜”“走廊”,往里有“客厅”。这样的布局具有吸引力和让人感到安全,很多无家可归的妇女开始在这里工作。


很多无家可归的人不是运气不佳,就是有各种各样的古怪特质,这些因素成为他们不能就业的起因。为了让他们面对过去,克服障碍,庭院中提供了一个宁静的角落场所,这里的氛围有助于放松身心,保持交流与思考.


项目获得了LEED白金认证。生态屋顶与雨水管理系统完美结合。材料上选择了耐用和可回收的耐候钢与混凝土。植物多为耐旱植物与原生植物。


同时这个项目具有广泛的社会意义,能够促进社会与经济的可持续发展,对暴力事件与街道冲突的减少产生积极影响。最重要的是,项目对心理与情感周全的考虑还对无家可归之人的人生产生了积极的作用,让他们走出过去的阴影,更努力的迎接未来。


这个由景观设计师,建筑师与其它专业人员通力合作打造的项目是一个不仅仅处理问题,更趋主动解决问题的项目。解开了无家可归人们人生的新篇章,激励支持他们勇于面对未来各种挑战。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nearly 2,000 people are on the streets each night in Portland, Oregon. Contributing factors of unemployment and long-term poverty range from

domestic violence untreated physical and mental illnesses and disabilities to alcoholism and drug abuse.


Hard to picture yourself as homeless, isn't it? But we did in order to design the Bud Clark Commons. How could we serve a client group so unlike

ourselves? First, we asked a lot of questions. We talked to the service providers who are compassionate, yet pragmatic. We volunteered, 

served dinners and donated clothing. We got to know many homeless persons face-to-face. We listened to their stories: emotional, dismal, 

moving and sometimes hopeful. We learned about how the homeless can take positive steps…slowly…one at a time. Needless to say, the entire

experience was eye opening for us. And after a year of operation, we are pleased to report the results from Bud Clark Commons are very

encouraging.


Two Organizations/Three Primary Services

Bud Clark Commons, an eight-story, 106,000 sf. ft. building, is a joint venture between Home Forward (the city's housing authority) and

Transition Projects Inc., (TPI, a private, non-profit services agency). The first service is housing where Home Forward operates 130 studio

apartments for persons who have experienced homelessness, many suffering from compromised mental and/or physical health. The Commons' 

second service is TPI's 90-bed temporary Men's Shelter offered to clean and sober men actively looking for work. Thirdly, TPI manages the Day

Center offering support services such as drug, alcohol and career counseling, showers, telephones, job training, classes and community use

space.

While the programs for Bud Clark Commons are inter-related and complex, the entries, courtyards and facilities are separated since they serve

different client groups. The building's urban design and facades were given great consideration by the design team so they would fit well into

Old Town/China Town, a district undergoing an unprecedented level of re-development. The Commons' urban location next to light rail, bus and

train is key to the populations it serves.


The Day Center Courtyard and Gate

For most homeless people coming off the street, it's hard to take the first step. We asked ourselves, how would we draw people in from

sidewalks, vacant lots, doorways and undersides of bridges? We came to understand the symbolic and physical importance of passing through

a gateway to enter the courtyard and seek help.

Once through the gate, how would we welcome the clients? How would we encourage them to deal with abuse and/or addictions? How would we

make them feel safe? Give them some secure time away from the imminent dangers of the streets? How would we create an atmosphere of

dignity, trust and calm amidst the chaos of their lives?

Our design response to these complex questions is expressed through a layout of spaces for The Day Center courtyard. It's divided into a

sequence of outdoor “rooms” organized in a similar way to the floor plan of a family home: an entry foyer, closet, hallway and living room. This

sequence of experience breaks down the institutional feel. It is notable that an increasing number of homeless women are coming forward for

services at the Day Center because they feel safe there.


The Men's Shelter Courtyard

These men have recently come off the street and face a number of challenges applying for jobs such as proper forms of identification, resumes, 

career training, clothes, haircuts, healthy food and a good night's sleep. Some of them seem to be simply down on their luck; while others

exhibit quirky traits that are obvious barriers to employment.

How could we encourage these disadvantaged, albeit motivated men to try for jobs? Most importantly, how could they overcome problems of

the past and avoid falling back into abuse, addictions or patterns that led to homelessness in the first place?

The Men's Shelter Courtyard provides a peaceful place to visit, interact when desired, read or simply relax inside this protective contemplative

oasis. There's a sense of community.


Sustainability Beyond LEED

Bud Clark Commons achieved LEED platinum certification. It has eco-roofs and stormwater treatment systems that are well integrated into the

two courtyards. Rainwater is collected from roofs, daylighted and exhibited first in the upper courtyard and then again down below in the lower

courtyard. Both courtyards are constructed with durable materials such as painted concrete and weathering steel, a recycled and recyclable

product. Many species of drought-tolerant and native plants are featured.

Beyond LEED, Bud Clark Commons is having a positive impact on social and economic sustainability in the downtown retail district by drawing

people off the streets. Police have seen fewer minor calls and fewer “catastrophic” calls for violent incidents. Business leaders have reported

that fewer homeless persons are creating conflicts on city streets.

If you think about it, homelessness is not sustainable for the individual or the city. The costs and impacts are significant and difficult to quantify. 

So we committed to achieving sustainability in a second way: social sustainability and those immeasurable qualities of the human condition, 

safety, independence and health. We believe that we all have a positive, intrinsic response to the healing qualities of nature; and that we, as

designers, could contribute to the emotional and psychological needs of the clients and staff who work at Bud Clark Commons.



Our Role as Landscape Architects & Urban Designers

We worked closely with the building architects who shared a passion for bringing the highest quality design to this facility. In the programming

phase, we assisted with how services and entries were laid out. In design, we took primary responsibility in developing the streetscape, 

thresholds, and spatial layout and design of the courtyards. Our firm designed the gate, courtyard materials, eco-roofs and landscape elements. 

We designed the stormwater features that were closely coordinated with mechanical and civil engineers. We developed the concept for the

artistic stones in the Day Center courtyard and helped select the artist who carved and composed them. We provided full services from

research, public meetings and programming through design, construction observation and post-occupancy analysis. We remain part of the

volunteer crew serving dinners.


We are grateful to have gained such insights into the challenging, yet remarkable and courageous lives of many homeless people and staff who

serve them. Again, it is our sincrere hope that Bud Clark Commons and its programs will become a model for other cities and inspire political

leaders to administer programs to homeless populations, proactively getting at the core of the issues rather than merely dealing with the

symptoms.


更多精彩设计资讯请关注:空地上的设计

来源:sh_bobo

【Saló中心广场多功能结构装置】西班牙

 

  建筑设计:Batlle i Roig Arquitectes

  地点:西班牙,巴塞罗那

  年份:2012年

  摄影:Jordi Surroca

        来源:里外 www.liwai.com


 

  这一区域位于索多玛中心区两个轴的连接处。这一点使得索多玛成为了Sant Boi de Llobregat城市中一个非常重要的地区。Santa Creu de Calafel大道和Josep Mariage大街这两个轴有不同的特点。C-245大道是这一地区城际间最重要的一条大道,在承载一个非常重要的交通运输职能的同时也在向城市绿化,住宅行人道改善。Josep Mariages大街也将很快变成南北行人道的连接大街。


  这一项目中的C-245大道正在趋向变成一个城市步行街,确保来往行人和自行车道的顺畅,缓解交通拥挤的状况。同时,在大道周围种植绿色植物,缓解噪音干扰。藤架式的结构是将连续的金属肋骨用褶皱的方式表现出来,这样就可以在广场上,生成不同的形状和空间。这种结构的封面是用钢板和大穿孔来表现的。这个计划适用于扭曲和折叠的肋结构,就像一个折纸,这样也提供了一个大的舒适的阴影区。


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

更多精彩设计咨询请关注:空地上的设计

来源:sh_bobo

有时候想太多偏激的事情就会一发不可收拾的误会下去 用简单的想法去做去想 人就会开心很多