怎么理解害人之心不可有 防人之心不可无 这句话
关键词：景观 住宅庭院景观设计 可持续可回收 锈蚀钢板 耐旱本地植物 芳香植物 水声 美国 Mayer/Reed, Portland, OR gooood
“This is an SRO that is humane and treats people with dignity. The space is open and inviting and there is a nice use of material. The gate
ornamentation signifies the decision of the residents not to be homeless. The space is laid out like a home and is very well-resolved.”
—2013 Professional Awards Jury
Nearly 2,000 people are on the streets each night in Portland, Oregon. Contributing factors of unemployment and long-term poverty range from
domestic violence untreated physical and mental illnesses and disabilities to alcoholism and drug abuse.
Hard to picture yourself as homeless, isn't it? But we did in order to design the Bud Clark Commons. How could we serve a client group so unlike
ourselves? First, we asked a lot of questions. We talked to the service providers who are compassionate, yet pragmatic. We volunteered,
served dinners and donated clothing. We got to know many homeless persons face-to-face. We listened to their stories: emotional, dismal,
moving and sometimes hopeful. We learned about how the homeless can take positive steps…slowly…one at a time. Needless to say, the entire
experience was eye opening for us. And after a year of operation, we are pleased to report the results from Bud Clark Commons are very
Two Organizations/Three Primary Services
Bud Clark Commons, an eight-story, 106,000 sf. ft. building, is a joint venture between Home Forward (the city's housing authority) and
Transition Projects Inc., (TPI, a private, non-profit services agency). The first service is housing where Home Forward operates 130 studio
apartments for persons who have experienced homelessness, many suffering from compromised mental and/or physical health. The Commons'
second service is TPI's 90-bed temporary Men's Shelter offered to clean and sober men actively looking for work. Thirdly, TPI manages the Day
Center offering support services such as drug, alcohol and career counseling, showers, telephones, job training, classes and community use
While the programs for Bud Clark Commons are inter-related and complex, the entries, courtyards and facilities are separated since they serve
different client groups. The building's urban design and facades were given great consideration by the design team so they would fit well into
Old Town/China Town, a district undergoing an unprecedented level of re-development. The Commons' urban location next to light rail, bus and
train is key to the populations it serves.
The Day Center Courtyard and Gate
For most homeless people coming off the street, it's hard to take the first step. We asked ourselves, how would we draw people in from
sidewalks, vacant lots, doorways and undersides of bridges? We came to understand the symbolic and physical importance of passing through
a gateway to enter the courtyard and seek help.
Once through the gate, how would we welcome the clients? How would we encourage them to deal with abuse and/or addictions? How would we
make them feel safe? Give them some secure time away from the imminent dangers of the streets? How would we create an atmosphere of
dignity, trust and calm amidst the chaos of their lives?
Our design response to these complex questions is expressed through a layout of spaces for The Day Center courtyard. It's divided into a
sequence of outdoor “rooms” organized in a similar way to the floor plan of a family home: an entry foyer, closet, hallway and living room. This
sequence of experience breaks down the institutional feel. It is notable that an increasing number of homeless women are coming forward for
services at the Day Center because they feel safe there.
The Men's Shelter Courtyard
These men have recently come off the street and face a number of challenges applying for jobs such as proper forms of identification, resumes,
career training, clothes, haircuts, healthy food and a good night's sleep. Some of them seem to be simply down on their luck; while others
exhibit quirky traits that are obvious barriers to employment.
How could we encourage these disadvantaged, albeit motivated men to try for jobs? Most importantly, how could they overcome problems of
the past and avoid falling back into abuse, addictions or patterns that led to homelessness in the first place?
The Men's Shelter Courtyard provides a peaceful place to visit, interact when desired, read or simply relax inside this protective contemplative
oasis. There's a sense of community.
Sustainability Beyond LEED
Bud Clark Commons achieved LEED platinum certification. It has eco-roofs and stormwater treatment systems that are well integrated into the
two courtyards. Rainwater is collected from roofs, daylighted and exhibited first in the upper courtyard and then again down below in the lower
courtyard. Both courtyards are constructed with durable materials such as painted concrete and weathering steel, a recycled and recyclable
product. Many species of drought-tolerant and native plants are featured.
Beyond LEED, Bud Clark Commons is having a positive impact on social and economic sustainability in the downtown retail district by drawing
people off the streets. Police have seen fewer minor calls and fewer “catastrophic” calls for violent incidents. Business leaders have reported
that fewer homeless persons are creating conflicts on city streets.
If you think about it, homelessness is not sustainable for the individual or the city. The costs and impacts are significant and difficult to quantify.
So we committed to achieving sustainability in a second way: social sustainability and those immeasurable qualities of the human condition,
safety, independence and health. We believe that we all have a positive, intrinsic response to the healing qualities of nature; and that we, as
designers, could contribute to the emotional and psychological needs of the clients and staff who work at Bud Clark Commons.
Our Role as Landscape Architects & Urban Designers
We worked closely with the building architects who shared a passion for bringing the highest quality design to this facility. In the programming
phase, we assisted with how services and entries were laid out. In design, we took primary responsibility in developing the streetscape,
thresholds, and spatial layout and design of the courtyards. Our firm designed the gate, courtyard materials, eco-roofs and landscape elements.
We designed the stormwater features that were closely coordinated with mechanical and civil engineers. We developed the concept for the
artistic stones in the Day Center courtyard and helped select the artist who carved and composed them. We provided full services from
research, public meetings and programming through design, construction observation and post-occupancy analysis. We remain part of the
volunteer crew serving dinners.
We are grateful to have gained such insights into the challenging, yet remarkable and courageous lives of many homeless people and staff who
serve them. Again, it is our sincrere hope that Bud Clark Commons and its programs will become a model for other cities and inspire political
leaders to administer programs to homeless populations, proactively getting at the core of the issues rather than merely dealing with the
建筑设计：Batlle i Roig Arquitectes
这一区域位于索多玛中心区两个轴的连接处。这一点使得索多玛成为了Sant Boi de Llobregat城市中一个非常重要的地区。Santa Creu de Calafel大道和Josep Mariage大街这两个轴有不同的特点。C-245大道是这一地区城际间最重要的一条大道，在承载一个非常重要的交通运输职能的同时也在向城市绿化，住宅行人道改善。Josep Mariages大街也将很快变成南北行人道的连接大街。